SHUM 4644

SHUM 4644

Course information provided by the Courses of Study 2019-2020.

The modern world relies on a vast array of natural resources to drive its activities, but for most of human history, animals have provided energy to people. Animals were, and often still are, the energy fueling human transportation, agriculture, nutrition, and even entertainment. This course examines Classical and modern representations of animals as workpower, food and fuel, and raw materials for manufacture. We will read a wide array of sources that depict the work of animals in Classical antiquity and the modern world; we will also look at texts that attempt to describe how the animal body creates energy. For longer description and instructor bio, visit

When Offered Spring.

Permission Note Enrollment limited to: 15 students.

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Enrollment Information
Syllabi: none
  • 16934SHUM 4644  SEM 101

  • Instruction Mode: Hybrid - Online & In Person